The cable reeling drum is specialized application for power transmission because of severe limitation of tensions in cable.
The cable reeling drum is used to transfer electric power through cable from junction box located at center or end of runway to moving machines.
The cable reeling drum serves winding and unwinding of cable automatically. The winding and unwinding operation of cable is guided through roller guide way.
WORKING OF CABLE REELING DRUM (CRD)
On start of travel motors of the machine, If machine movement is left extremity side from feed point (cable unwinding from drum), RH directional sensor switch will get energies and give signal to main control console of the machine and drive motor of the reel stop on receipt of command from console.
After reaching the machine on left end extremity, end limit switch of the machine will operate and travel drives of the machine stop for the set pulse time and start to operate in reverse direction (to move toward center supply point). Drive unit operate simultaneously and start wounding of cable on drum.
When cable reel comes closer to central feed point, geared rotary switch will get energies and bypassed the under-tension switch in this transition zone. When reel passes the right side of the feed point, the L.H directional sensor will come into operation and stop the reel motor as per set delay time in logic of the program.
On reaching the machine on R.H side extremity, travel drives of the motor will stop as per set pause time in program and then start to operate toward left-hand side. Travel drive of reel also start wounding of reel.
CABLE REELING DRUM CONSIST OF FOLLOWING PARTS
1. Drum Body
The drum design depends on cable diameter and its characteristics. The drum body is made from Rectangular/square hollow section.
2. Drive Units
The drive unit of CRD consists of geared motor with brake and slipping unit used for torque regulating called contorq unit mounted on worm shaft of worm gear box.
The contorq unit is used to provide accurate controlled torque for reeling cables. Adjustment of torque unit is by castellated nut accessed by removing flanged mounted geared motor.
Rotate the nut in clockwise direction to increase and in Anti-clockwise direction to decrease the torque.
Related Blog – Operation of contorq unit.
3. Slipring Assembly
Slipring is used to transfer electric power through cable from cable reel to moving machine. The slipring requires well-polished and cleaned surface for good contact. Slipring must be of a size and type sufficient to carry nominated cable current cable current and voltage system. The slipring assembly must be enclosed in a dust proof cover.
4. Roller Guide Ways
The selection of rollers and roller guide depend on cable diameter. In mono-spiral type CRD the roller guide is fixed with crane structure. The rollers of the roller guide should be contoured type to provide an accurate guidance for winding and unwinding of the cable on drum.
The rollers can be rotated on sealed ball bearing protected externally by seals. Individual roller shall be removable without dismantling the guide.
Cable Reeling drum Roller guides supplied with following safety devices, which will protect the cable from external forces.
I. Over Tension Switch
The switch shall be mounted on bottom roller of the guide ways on each side. When cable tension exceeded by 2.3 times the safe pulling tension of cable the switch operates and stops the machine travel motor.
II. Under Tension Switch
The under-tension limit switch intended to detect when drive unit fails to recover the cable properly. While passing center feed point, the function of under tension switch is bypassed the geared rotary limit switch.
III. Directional Sensor Limit Switch (Travel forward And Reverse Switch)
These switches are operated when payoff(unwinding) commences and switch off the drive motor of the reel. It should be operated in any one direction along travel of machine. When machine travel in right direction from feed point, then left directional should be in operating condition and when machine travel in left direction then right directional should be in operating condition.
IV. Geared Rotary Limit Switch
Its function to detect limit of travel of cable reel at each end extremities and to by passed the under-tension switch, when reel passes over the center feed point.